Treatise of the Holy Scriptures by John Jewel part 2

By | 2017-09-29T01:39:46+00:00 September 29th, 2017|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, John Jewel|Tags: |

The Authority of the Fathers

But what say we of the fathers, Augustine, Ambrose, Hierome, Cyprian, &c.?  What shall we think of them, or what account may we make of them? They be interpreters of the word of God. They were learned men, and learned fathers; the instruments of the mercy of God, and vessels full of grace. We despise them not, we read them, we reverence them, and give thanks unto God for […]

Treatise of the Holy Scriptures by John Jewel part 1

By | 2017-09-29T01:40:31+00:00 September 29th, 2017|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, John Jewel|Tags: |

TREATISE OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES, GATHERED OUT OF CERTAIN SERMONS, WHICH THE REVEREND FATHER IN GOD, BISHOP JEWEL, PREACHED AT SARISBURY, ANNO DOMINI 1570.

Among all his creatures in heaven or earth God hath not made any like unto the sun in the firmament, the beams whereof are beautiful and pleasant, and do give comfort in all places to all things. It rejoiceth the whole, and relieveth the sick : it causeth birds to […]

Of the Divine Original – Introduction Part 4

By | 2016-11-19T04:32:55+00:00 November 19th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

WITH AN ANSWER TO THAT INQUIRY, HOW WE KNOW THE SCRIPTURES TO BE THE WORD OF GOD.

Continued from Part 3

CHAPTER 4. Innate arguments in the Scripture of its divine original and authority — Its self-evidencing efficacy — All light manifests itself — The Scripture light — Spiritual light evidential — Consectaries from the premises laid down — What the self-evidencing light of the Scripture peculiarly is — Power self-evidencing — The […]

Of the Divine Original – Introduction Part 3

By | 2016-11-19T04:29:01+00:00 November 19th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

WITH AN ANSWER TO THAT INQUIRY, HOW WE KNOW THE SCRIPTURES TO BE THE WORD OF GOD.

PREFATORY NOTE.

THIS interesting treatise originated in the request of several persons, who had heard Owen preaching on the subject, that he would publish the substance of what he had preached. It broaches the great argument of the experimental evidence in favor of the Christian revelation, which he afterwards developed more fully in his “Reason of Faith” (see […]

Idolatry & Atheism

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:34+00:00 November 3rd, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Dan Wallace, Doctrine of Scripture|

The Idolatry & Atheism

of

Restoration Textual Criticism

The current low view of Scripture held by those who contend for Restorationist Textual Criticism, was at one time considered by men such as John Owen to be both idolatrous and bordering on atheism.  RTC, which originated with the Roman Catholic priest Richard Simon, was recognized by such men as a direct attack on the foundation of Protestantism:  Sola Scriptura.  What strange times […]

The Perfection of Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:34+00:00 July 6th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|

QUESTION 16: Does Scripture contain whatever is necessary for their salvation to the extent that after it was given there was no need for unwritten traditions? Affirmative.

I. In order to avoid the tribunal of Scripture, which they know as an adversary, the Roman Catholics not
only reject its authenticity and integrity, but also seek to deny its perfection and perspicuity. So the
question of the perfection of Scripture stands between us and them.

II. On the […]

The Authenticity of the Vulgate

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:34+00:00 July 6th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|

Question 15: Is the Vulgate version authentic? Negative, against the Roman Catholics

I. It is not to be asked whether the Vulgate has value, and frequently presents the truth very effectively.  No one denies this. Nor is it to be asked whether it was in past times and over a long period used in the church; this is understood by all. But it must be asked whether it is of authentic truth and to […]

The Authenticity of the Septuagint

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 30th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|

QUESTION 14: Is the Septuagint version of the Old Testament authoritative? Negative.

I. Among the Greek versions of the Old Testament, that of the seventy-two translators rightly holds first
place among us. It held this honor both among Jews and among Christians, both in the East and in the
West, so that Jews in their synagogues and Christians in their churches used to read in public only from it
or from versions made from it. All other […]

Of the Divine Original – Introduction Part 2

By | 2016-11-19T03:53:20+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

OF THE DIVINE ORIGINAL, AUTHORITY, SELF-EVIDENCING LIGHT, AND POWER OF THE SCRIPTURES;

For my own part, I must confess that I shall as soon believe a poor, deluded, fanatical Quaker, pretending to be guided by an infallible Spirit, as their pope with his whole conclave of cardinals, upon the terms here laid down by Morinus.

But, to let these men pass for a season, had this leprosy kept itself within that house which is thoroughly […]

Of the Divine Original – Introduction Part 1

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

OF THE DIVINE ORIGINAL, AUTHORITY, SELF-EVIDENCING LIGHT, AND POWER OF THE SCRIPTURES;

WITH AN ANSWER TO THAT INQUIRY, HOW WE KNOW THE SCRIPTURES TO BE THE WORD OF GOD.

ALSO, A VINDICATION OF THE PURITY AND INTEGRITY OF THE HEBREW AND GREEK TEXTS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT; IN SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE PROLEGOMENA AND APPENDIX TO THE LATE “BIBLIA POLYGLOTTA.’

WHEREUNTO ARE SUBJOINED SOME EXERCITATIONS ABOUT THE NATURE […]

John Owen’s Doctrine of Scripture

By | 2017-09-29T07:42:38+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Index Posts, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

As part of the series of Index Posts on Reformed Bibliology, we have the John Owen series.  Who was John Owen?

John Owen (1616 – 1683) was an English theologian and “was without doubt not only the greatest theologian of the English Puritan movement but also one of the greatest European Reformed theologians of his day, and quite possibly possessed the finest theological mind that England ever produced” (“Owen, John”, in Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals, p. […]

On the Divine Original of the Scriptures – Preface

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen|Tags: |

OF THE DIVINE ORIGINAL, AUTHORITY, SELF-EVIDENCING LIGHT, AND POWER OF THE SCRIPTURES;

WITH AN ANSWER TO THAT INQUIRY, HOW WE KNOW THE SCRIPTURES TO BE THE WORD OF GOD.

ALSO, A VINDICATION OF THE PURITY AND INTEGRITY OF THE HEBREW AND GREEK TEXTS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT; IN SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE PROLEGOMENA AND APPENDIX TO THE LATE “BIBLIA POLYGLOTTA.’

WHEREUNTO ARE SUBJOINED SOME EXERCITATIONS ABOUT THE NATURE […]

The Need of Translations

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTION 13: Are translations necessary, and what is their authority and use in the church?

I. There are two parts of this question: the first concerning the need for translations, and the second their
authority. As to the first, although the wiser Roman Catholics recognize the need and value of
translations, and have therefore prepared them in many languages, yet many of them, having lost their
reason, condemn them as evil and dangerous; for example, Arbor says, […]

The Authentic Version of Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , , |

QUESTION 11: Are the Hebrew version of the Old Testament and the Greek of the New the only authentic ones? Affirmative, against the Roman Catholics.

I. Some versions of Scripture are original and primary, originally prepared by the authors; others are
secondary, versions in other languages into which it has been translated. No one denies that the Hebrew
of the Old Testament and the Greek of the New are original and first written, but there is […]

The Purity of the Original Text

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTION 10: Has the original text of the Old and New Testaments come to us pure and uncorrupted?
Affirmative, against the Roman Catholics.

I. This question is forced upon us by the Roman Catholics, who raise doubts concerning the purity of the
sources in order more readily to establish the authority of their Vulgate and lead us to the tribunal of the
church.

II. By “original texts” we do not mean the very autographs from the hands of […]

The Canonicity of the Apocrypha

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTION 9: Are Tobit, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, the first two books of Maccabees, Baruch, and the additions to Esther and Daniel properly included in the list of canonical books?  Negative, against the Roman Catholics.

I. The apocryphal books are so called not because the authors of the books are unknown–there are
canonical works whose authors are not known and apocryphal ones whose authors are–nor because they
are read only privately, and not in public [worship]; some […]

The Canonicity of the Old Testament

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTION 8: Are the books of the Old Testament still part of the canon of faith, and the rule of conduct in the church of the New Testament? Affirmative, against the Anabaptists.

I. This question divides us from the Anabaptists, who exclude the Old Testament books from the canon of
faith, as if they were of little consequence for Christians, or as if dogmas of faith and precepts for life
ought not to be drawn from […]

The Authenticity of the Hebrew Text

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 12th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , |

QUESTION 12: Is the present Hebrew text authentic and inspired both as to content and as to words, so that all versions are to be tested by its norm, and corrected if they differ? Or can the text which it offers, if judged to be less desirable, be rejected, and corrected, and brought into agreement with a more acceptable one, either by comparison with the old translations, or by one’s own judgment […]

The Preservation of the Canon

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 10th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTIQN 7 Will any canonical book ever have disappeared? Negative.

I. In order more readily to discuss the various questions that are raised concerning the canon, a
distinction must first be established. This word is used both broadly and narrowly. In the first sense it was
applied by the patristic writers to the ecclesiastical decrees and constitutions, by which the councils and
the rulers of the churches were accustomed to specify whatever seemed pertinent to faith, conduct, […]

The Knowledge of Scriptural Authority

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 10th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

Question 6: How does the authority of the Holy (divinus) Scripture become known to us? Doesit, either in itself or on our part, depend upon the witness of the Church? Negative, against the Roman Catholics.

 

I. The purpose of the Roman Catholics, in this and other controversies which they maintain over the
Scripture, is not obscure, namely, to reject the judgment of Scripture, in which they cannot find enough
sanction to protect their errors, and […]

Apparent Contradictions in Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 8th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , |

QUESTION 5: Are there in Scripture true contradictions, or any irreconcilable passages, which cannot be resolved or harmonized in any way? Negative.

I. When the divine quality of Scripture, which was argued in the preceding question, has been accepted, its infallibility follows of necessity. But in every age the enemies of true religion and of Scripture have thought that they had found contradictory passages in Scripture, and have vigorously presented them in order to […]

The Authority of Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 7th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , , , |

QUESTION 4: Are the Holy Scriptures genuine and divine? Affirmative.

I. The question of the authority (authoritas) of Scripture depends upon its origin, which has just been discussed. Since it is from God, it cannot be other than genuine (authenticus) and divine. Hence arises the question or its authority, which can have two aspects: (1) with atheists and pagans (ethnici), who grant to Scripture no more authority than to any other writing; (2) with […]

The Divine Imperative of Written Revelation

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 7th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , , , |

QUESTION 3: Was the Holy Scripture written because of the circumstances of the time (occasionaliter), and without divine command? Negative, against the Roman Catholics.

I. This question is debated between us and the Roman Catholics, who, in order to minimize the authority and perfection of Scripture, teach not only that it is less than necessary, and that the church could do without it, but even that it was written without any express divine commandment, […]

The Necessity of Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 7th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , , |

QUESTION 2: Was it necessary for the word to be committed to writing? Affirmative.

I. Since in the preceding question we have proved the necessity of the word, in this one the necessity of Scripture, or the written word, is argued against the Roman Catholics. For, just as to establish more easily their traditions and unwritten teachings, and the authority of their supreme pontiff, they strive earnestly to denigrate the authority of Scripture, they […]

Francis Turretin’s Doctrine of Scripture

By | 2017-10-30T15:19:13+00:00 June 7th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Home Page Slider, Index Posts, Turretin's 21 Questions|

Doctrine of Scripture

This begins a series of 21 blog posts taken from the PDF 21 Questions of the Doctrine of Scripture by Francis Turretin.  Other series will include the works of John Owen, John Gill, R.L. Dabney, Edward Leigh, etc.  Hopefully breaking out such writings in single posts will make them easier to find for reference and study.  This post will serve as the index post for the 21 following posts.  Each […]

The Necessity of Verbal Revelation

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 7th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , |

QUESTION 1: Was revelation by the word necessary? Affirmative.

I. Since the word of God is the unique foundation (principium) of theology, its necessity is properly
investigated at the very beginning: was it necessary for God to reveal himself to us by the word? or, was
the word of God necessary? There have been in the past, and are also today, some who maintain that
sufficient capacity for living well and happily resides in human nature, so […]