About Chris Thomas

I hold to the historic Confessional view of Scripture as found in Chapter 1 of the WCF/2LBCF. I reject Restorationist Textual Criticism and affirm Preservationist Textual Criticism

Textus Receptus – Default Text or Chosen Text?

By | 2017-01-14T18:41:41+00:00 January 12th, 2017|Categories: Tall Tales of Textual Criticism, Textual Myths|Tags: , , , |

One of the oft made claims of a popular apologist in evangelical circles is that the Reformers did not choose the Textus Receptus, but that they used it because they had no other options. Is that true? Were there no other Greek New Testaments during the Reformation apart from the Textus Receptus? Let’s see.

The Complutensian Polyglot

In 1514 the New Testament of the Complutensian Polyglot was printed beating Erasmus’ GNT by 2 years. Now […]

John Gill On the Hebrew Vowel Points pt 4

By | 2016-12-01T09:33:32+00:00 December 1st, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, John Gill|Tags: |

On the Hebrew Letters, Vowel Points, & Accents

by John Gill, D.D.

Chapter 3.

Concerning the Original of the Samaritans, their Language and Letters

HAVING, in the preceding Chapter, shown that it is probable that the Hebrews always had the same letters, without any material change or alteration, and which have been retained by them, and are in use to this day; I shall endeavor, in this chapter, to make it appear as probable, that […]

John Gill On the Hebrew Vowel Points pt 3

By | 2016-12-17T17:56:15+00:00 December 1st, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, John Gill|Tags: |

On the Hebrew Letters, Vowel Points, & Accents

by John Gill, D.D.

Chapter 2.

Concerning the Antiquity of the Hebrew Letters

IT has been a controversy among learned men, for a century or two past, whether the modern letters used by the Jews, and in which their sacred books are now extant, are the same in which the law and the prophets were originally written. This is denied by some, and it has been affirmed, […]

Dr. Edward Hills on The Logic of Faith

By | 2016-12-01T09:23:13+00:00 December 1st, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Edward Freer Hills|Tags: |

Dr. Edward Hills on The Logic of Faith

1. The Logic of Faith – How It Leads Us To The True Bible Text

From the study of the Bible and of Church history two conclusions may be safely drawn. First, spiritual darkness and apostasy always begin with false notions concerning faith. Second, reformation and revival always require the correction of these errors and always result in an enlarged conception of what […]

Textual Criticism != Providential Preservation

By | 2016-12-02T05:30:16+00:00 December 1st, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Preservationist Textual Criticism|Tags: |

Textual Criticism does not equal Providential Preservation.

In his latest Dividing Line, Mr. White calls the non-CT views among other things “dangerous, counter-productive, non-confessional, ahistorical and indefensible.”  Now Mr. White holds to the mid-20th century view of Restorationist Textual Criticism.  Actual textual critics like Dr. Bart Ehrman, Dr. D. C. Parker have long abandoned Mr. White’s naive view that textual criticism can “recover and restore” the autographic text.  Mr. White over the past year has […]

John Gill On the Hebrew Vowel Points pt 2

By | 2016-12-01T09:28:15+00:00 December 1st, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Hebrew Language, John Gill|Tags: |

On the Hebrew Letters, Vowel Points, & Accents

by John Gill, D.D.

I OBSERVE there is much talk about the Masoretic Bible, and about Masoretic authority. As to the Masoretic Bible, I could never learn there ever was such an one, either in manuscript, or in print, that could with any propriety be so called. Is a Bible with points to be called Masoretic? it must be with great impropriety, since the Masoretes, […]

John Gill On the Hebrew Vowel Points pt 1

By | 2016-12-17T17:49:55+00:00 December 1st, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Hebrew Language, John Gill|Tags: |

On the Hebrew Letters, Vowel Points, & Accents

by John Gill, D.D.

 

The Preface.

THE following Dissertation has long lain by me; nor was it written at first with any design to publish it to the world; but was written at leisure-hours for my own amusement, and by way of essay to try how far back the antiquity of the things treated of in it could be carried. And what has prevailed upon me […]

The Adventures of Captain Deflector Episode 1

By | 2016-12-02T05:26:26+00:00 November 16th, 2016|Categories: James White|Tags: |

James White’s Red Herrings

Pastor Robert Truelove posted the following OP on Facebook in various groups on Nov 13:

Regarding having a meaningful apologetic for the Christian faith and the text of the New Testament…

The denial of the inspiration of the Pericope Adulterae (the woman caught in adultery in John 8) and the last 12 verses of Mark is a capitulation to Post-Enlightenment, humanistic rationalism and fundamentally undermines the authority of Scripture and the Christian […]

Of the Integrity and Purity of the Hebrew & Greek Texts of Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T20:07:14+00:00 November 3rd, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, John Owen|

With Consideration on the Prolegomena and Appendix to the Late Biblia Polyglotta.

Prefatory Note
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8


Prefatory Note:

There is a tendency to acquiesce in the general verdict against our author for the part he took in the controversy with Walton on the subject of the London Polyglott, without any very careful inquiry into the grounds on which it rests. Dr Owen, […]

Idolatry & Atheism

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:34+00:00 November 3rd, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Dan Wallace, Doctrine of Scripture|

The Idolatry & Atheism

of

Restoration Textual Criticism

The current low view of Scripture held by those who contend for Restorationist Textual Criticism, was at one time considered by men such as John Owen to be both idolatrous and bordering on atheism.  RTC, which originated with the Roman Catholic priest Richard Simon, was recognized by such men as a direct attack on the foundation of Protestantism:  Sola Scriptura.  What strange times […]

The Perfection of Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:34+00:00 July 6th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|

QUESTION 16: Does Scripture contain whatever is necessary for their salvation to the extent that after it was given there was no need for unwritten traditions? Affirmative.

I. In order to avoid the tribunal of Scripture, which they know as an adversary, the Roman Catholics not
only reject its authenticity and integrity, but also seek to deny its perfection and perspicuity. So the
question of the perfection of Scripture stands between us and them.

II. On the […]

The Authenticity of the Vulgate

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:34+00:00 July 6th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|

Question 15: Is the Vulgate version authentic? Negative, against the Roman Catholics

I. It is not to be asked whether the Vulgate has value, and frequently presents the truth very effectively.  No one denies this. Nor is it to be asked whether it was in past times and over a long period used in the church; this is understood by all. But it must be asked whether it is of authentic truth and to […]

The Authenticity of the Septuagint

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 30th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|

QUESTION 14: Is the Septuagint version of the Old Testament authoritative? Negative.

I. Among the Greek versions of the Old Testament, that of the seventy-two translators rightly holds first
place among us. It held this honor both among Jews and among Christians, both in the East and in the
West, so that Jews in their synagogues and Christians in their churches used to read in public only from it
or from versions made from it. All other […]

Of the Divine Original – Introduction Part 2

By | 2016-11-19T03:53:20+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

OF THE DIVINE ORIGINAL, AUTHORITY, SELF-EVIDENCING LIGHT, AND POWER OF THE SCRIPTURES;

For my own part, I must confess that I shall as soon believe a poor, deluded, fanatical Quaker, pretending to be guided by an infallible Spirit, as their pope with his whole conclave of cardinals, upon the terms here laid down by Morinus.

But, to let these men pass for a season, had this leprosy kept itself within that house which is thoroughly […]

Of the Divine Original – Introduction Part 1

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

OF THE DIVINE ORIGINAL, AUTHORITY, SELF-EVIDENCING LIGHT, AND POWER OF THE SCRIPTURES;

WITH AN ANSWER TO THAT INQUIRY, HOW WE KNOW THE SCRIPTURES TO BE THE WORD OF GOD.

ALSO, A VINDICATION OF THE PURITY AND INTEGRITY OF THE HEBREW AND GREEK TEXTS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT; IN SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE PROLEGOMENA AND APPENDIX TO THE LATE “BIBLIA POLYGLOTTA.’

WHEREUNTO ARE SUBJOINED SOME EXERCITATIONS ABOUT THE NATURE […]

John Owen’s Doctrine of Scripture

By | 2016-06-15T23:59:01+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, Index Posts, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

As part of the series of Index Posts on Reformed Bibliology, we have the John Owen series.  Who was John Owen?

John Owen (1616 – 1683) was an English theologian and “was without doubt not only the greatest theologian of the English Puritan movement but also one of the greatest European Reformed theologians of his day, and quite possibly possessed the finest theological mind that England ever produced” (“Owen, John”, in Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicals, p. […]

On the Divine Original of the Scriptures – Preface

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen|Tags: |

OF THE DIVINE ORIGINAL, AUTHORITY, SELF-EVIDENCING LIGHT, AND POWER OF THE SCRIPTURES;

WITH AN ANSWER TO THAT INQUIRY, HOW WE KNOW THE SCRIPTURES TO BE THE WORD OF GOD.

ALSO, A VINDICATION OF THE PURITY AND INTEGRITY OF THE HEBREW AND GREEK TEXTS OF THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT; IN SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE PROLEGOMENA AND APPENDIX TO THE LATE “BIBLIA POLYGLOTTA.’

WHEREUNTO ARE SUBJOINED SOME EXERCITATIONS ABOUT THE NATURE […]

The Need of Translations

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 15th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTION 13: Are translations necessary, and what is their authority and use in the church?

I. There are two parts of this question: the first concerning the need for translations, and the second their
authority. As to the first, although the wiser Roman Catholics recognize the need and value of
translations, and have therefore prepared them in many languages, yet many of them, having lost their
reason, condemn them as evil and dangerous; for example, Arbor says, […]

Matthew Henry, Cyprian, & the Comma

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:35+00:00 June 14th, 2016|Categories: Comma Johanneum, Confessional Textual View, Home Page Slider, James White, Preservationist Textual Criticism|Tags: , , , |

Matthew Henry on the Comma Johanneum, Cyprian, Thomas Aquinas, and the Complutensian Polyglot

This post originated from a meme and a post in the Confessional Bibliology Facebook group and from the claim of a popular evangelical that Cyprian did not quote 1 John 5:7.  This post also has the added benefit of dealing with the claim made online, in response to my previous post A Short Response to James White, that the […]

The Authentic Version of Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , , |

QUESTION 11: Are the Hebrew version of the Old Testament and the Greek of the New the only authentic ones? Affirmative, against the Roman Catholics.

I. Some versions of Scripture are original and primary, originally prepared by the authors; others are
secondary, versions in other languages into which it has been translated. No one denies that the Hebrew
of the Old Testament and the Greek of the New are original and first written, but there is […]

The Purity of the Original Text

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTION 10: Has the original text of the Old and New Testaments come to us pure and uncorrupted?
Affirmative, against the Roman Catholics.

I. This question is forced upon us by the Roman Catholics, who raise doubts concerning the purity of the
sources in order more readily to establish the authority of their Vulgate and lead us to the tribunal of the
church.

II. By “original texts” we do not mean the very autographs from the hands of […]

The Canonicity of the Apocrypha

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTION 9: Are Tobit, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, the first two books of Maccabees, Baruch, and the additions to Esther and Daniel properly included in the list of canonical books?  Negative, against the Roman Catholics.

I. The apocryphal books are so called not because the authors of the books are unknown–there are
canonical works whose authors are not known and apocryphal ones whose authors are–nor because they
are read only privately, and not in public [worship]; some […]

The Canonicity of the Old Testament

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTION 8: Are the books of the Old Testament still part of the canon of faith, and the rule of conduct in the church of the New Testament? Affirmative, against the Anabaptists.

I. This question divides us from the Anabaptists, who exclude the Old Testament books from the canon of
faith, as if they were of little consequence for Christians, or as if dogmas of faith and precepts for life
ought not to be drawn from […]

A Short Response to James White

By | 2017-05-01T05:48:00+00:00 June 13th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Home Page Slider, James White, Post Slider on Main Page, Preservationist Textual Criticism, Textual Criticism|Tags: , , , , , , |

Faulty Facts and Assumptions

On Thursday, June 9th, James White posted in the Reformed Pub about the Comma Johanneum.  Like most of Mr. White’s previous interactions with those of us that hold to the Confessional view of Scripture, Mr. White failed to understand the key difference between our position and his, he then claimed victory, and did a Dividing Line episode engaging in ad hominems.  This time however he was called out for his […]

The Authenticity of the Hebrew Text

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 12th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , |

QUESTION 12: Is the present Hebrew text authentic and inspired both as to content and as to words, so that all versions are to be tested by its norm, and corrected if they differ? Or can the text which it offers, if judged to be less desirable, be rejected, and corrected, and brought into agreement with a more acceptable one, either by comparison with the old translations, or by one’s own judgment […]

The Preservation of the Canon

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:39+00:00 June 10th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

QUESTIQN 7 Will any canonical book ever have disappeared? Negative.

I. In order more readily to discuss the various questions that are raised concerning the canon, a
distinction must first be established. This word is used both broadly and narrowly. In the first sense it was
applied by the patristic writers to the ecclesiastical decrees and constitutions, by which the councils and
the rulers of the churches were accustomed to specify whatever seemed pertinent to faith, conduct, […]

The Knowledge of Scriptural Authority

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 10th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: |

Question 6: How does the authority of the Holy (divinus) Scripture become known to us? Doesit, either in itself or on our part, depend upon the witness of the Church? Negative, against the Roman Catholics.

 

I. The purpose of the Roman Catholics, in this and other controversies which they maintain over the
Scripture, is not obscure, namely, to reject the judgment of Scripture, in which they cannot find enough
sanction to protect their errors, and […]

Apparent Contradictions in Scripture

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 8th, 2016|Categories: Doctrine of Scripture, Francis Turretin, Turretin's 21 Questions|Tags: , |

QUESTION 5: Are there in Scripture true contradictions, or any irreconcilable passages, which cannot be resolved or harmonized in any way? Negative.

I. When the divine quality of Scripture, which was argued in the preceding question, has been accepted, its infallibility follows of necessity. But in every age the enemies of true religion and of Scripture have thought that they had found contradictory passages in Scripture, and have vigorously presented them in order to […]

Erasmian Myths: Revelation Back Translated from the Vulgate?

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:40+00:00 June 8th, 2016|Categories: Erasmus, Erasmus Myths|Tags: , , , |

One of the more notorious myths about Erasmus is that he backtranslated the last 6 verses of the book of Revelation.  There are many articles on the internet purporting to prove conclusively that Erasmus did in fact back translate from the Latin Vulgate the last few verses of Revelation.  However, this makes little sense when one takes into account Erasmus’ refusal to utilize portions of Codex Vaticanus that were provided to him, because of his […]