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So far Chris Thomas has created 17 blog entries.

The Genuineness of 1 John 5.7 by David Martin 2.4

By | 2017-09-19T18:53:55+00:00 September 19th, 2017|Categories: Comma Johanneum, David Martin|

Of Robert Stephen’s Manuscripts

WE have seen in the foregoing Chapter the extreme perplexity in which Mr. Simon arid Mr. Emlyn are found with reference to the Manuscripts of Complutum and Erasmus; they could not extricate themselves but by denying that the passage of St. John was in any of these Manuscripts. The difficulty is considerably augmented by the Manuscripts of Robert Stephens: but here again ’tis the same refuge; they have no other; […]

The Genuineness of 1 John 5.7 by David Martin 1.5

By | 2017-09-19T18:10:57+00:00 September 19th, 2017|Categories: Comma Johanneum, David Martin|

Other proofs that the Text of the witnesses in heaven was in the old Italick Version.


TO the age of St. Cyprian immediately succeeded that, in which St. Jerom flourish’d. The first Latin Version had already been made three hundred years, and in less time many faults must have crept into the Copies, which were continually dispers’d for the use of the Churches and private Persons. ‘Twas then a trade to transcribe […]

The Genuineness of 1 John 5.7 by David Martin 1.4

By | 2017-09-19T17:32:43+00:00 September 19th, 2017|Categories: Comma Johanneum, David Martin|

That the Text of the three witnesses in heaven was from the first Ages in the Italick Version., prov’d from the quotations of Tertullian and St. Cyprian.

IT is not from the MSS. themselves of the Italick Version, that we can know whether such or such a passage was in it j these MSS. have been lost for many ages: Time which consumes every thing, and carelessness in preserving them, not only in the […]

The Genuineness of 1 John 5.7 by David Martin 1.3

By | 2017-09-19T15:05:28+00:00 September 19th, 2017|Categories: Comma Johanneum, David Martin|

Of the nature of the proofs on which the genuineness of the Text of the three witnesses in heaven, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, must be established; and of the nullity of those, which are urg’d against it.

IT would be of no service, that these words contain’d the great and sublime notion of the Trinity of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost in one only divine nature, if they did […]

John Owen on Providential Preservation

By | 2017-09-10T08:07:05+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Categories: John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|Tags: |

Below, John Owen provides 12 arguments in support of the Doctrine of Providential Preservation:

We add, that the whole Scripture, entire as given out from God, without any loss, is preserved in the copies of the originals yet remaining; what varieties there are among the copies themselves shall be afterward declared. In them all, we say, is every letter and tittle of the word. These copies, we say, are the rule, standard, and touchstone of all […]

The Genuineness of 1 John 5.7 by David Martin 1.2

By | 2017-09-10T04:32:02+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Categories: Comma Johanneum, David Martin|


The Text of the three witnesses in heaven clear’d up, for the better understanding the importance and force of it, which were spoke of in the foregoing Chapter.

THE first thing, which here offers it self to be clear’d up, and which may create some difficulty in the minds of those persons, who rather seek for a pretence to doubt of the Text’s being genuine, than to be convinc’d of its […]

The Genuineness of 1 John 5.7 by David Martin Part 1

By | 2017-09-18T14:20:39+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Categories: Comma Johanneum, David Martin, Preservationist Textual Criticism|

This will be a 24-part series covering David Martin’s The Genuineness of the Text of the First Epistle of Saint John V.7

The 7th Verse of the Fifth Chap. of St. John’s first Epistle, There are three, S’c. prov’d to be genuine beyond all Exception, from the ancient Latin Bibles, the Quotations of the Fathers, the Testimony of the Greek Church, and lastly from an old Greek MS. of the New Testament in the Library […]

Edward Freer Hills and the Last 12 Verses of Mark

By | 2017-09-10T02:09:02+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Categories: Edward Freer Hills, Longer Ending of Mark|

5. The Last Twelve Verses Of Mark Burgon’s best known work in the field of textual criticism was his treatise on The Last Twelve Verses of Mark, which he published in 1871 after years of preliminary study. (61) For over a century this volume has deservedly been held in high esteem by believing Bible students, and its basic arguments all this while have remained irrefutable. In the following paragraphs, therefore, an effort will be made […]

Erasmian Myths: The Rush to Print

By | 2017-09-10T09:49:27+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Categories: Erasmus Myths|

One of the more pernicious myths circulating about Erasmus concerns the quality of his Greek New Testament.  The story goes that it was filled with errors because Erasmus was rushing to print.  This myth was decimated by the eminent scholar Dr. M. A. Screech back in 1986 in his introduction to the Annotations of Erasmus.  Below are excerpts from that introduction which is almost impossible to acquire.  Dr. Jeffrey Riddle deals with this myth […]

Edward Freer Hills on the Comma Johanneum

By | 2017-09-10T00:19:44+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Categories: Comma Johanneum, Edward Freer Hills|

Excerpt from his book The King James Version Defended

3. The Johannine Comma (1 John 5:7)

In the Textus Receptus 1 John 5:7-8 reads as follows:

7 For there are three that bear witness IN HEAVEN, THE FATHER, THE WORD, AND THE HOLY SPIRIT: AND THESE THREE ARE ONE. 8 AND THERE ARE THREE THAT BEAR WITNESS IN EARTH, the spirit, and the water, and the blood: and these three agree in one.

The words printed in capital […]

Francis Turretin and the Comma Johanneum

By | 2017-09-10T00:20:30+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Categories: Comma Johanneum|

Francis Turretin

& the Comma Johanneum

One of the claims going around the internet about Francis Turretin is that he would not have defended 1 John 5:7, commonly called the Comma Johanneum.  Below is a loose Google translation of the Disputatio Theological of Francis Turretin on the CJ made readable by William Sandell.  It is a regrettable oversite that this portion, part of his 4th volume, was not translated.

Of the three witnesses by […]

The Revision Revised – Preface

By | 2017-05-01T05:25:05+00:00 May 1st, 2017|Categories: The Revision Revised|Tags: , |

PREFACE. The ensuing three Articles from the “Quarterly Review,”—(wrung out of me by the publication [May 17th, 1881] of the “Revision” of our “Authorized Version of the New Testament,”)—appear in their present form in compliance with an amount of continuous solicitation that they should be separately published, which it would have been alike unreasonable and ungracious to disregard. I was not prepared for it. It has caused me—as letter after letter has reached my hands—mixed […]

Being Proud of Your Heresy

By | 2017-05-01T05:04:21+00:00 May 1st, 2017|Categories: Restorationist Textual Criticism|Tags: , , |

When it comes to the foundation of Christianity, the Bible, humor seems to be out of place.  But occasionally the enemies of God’s word provide us with a good laugh by telling the truth about their ungodly intentions.

Not only is this page from NA27 confirming that it is produced in agreement with the Vatican and that the Vatican has supervising authority when it comes to changes to […]

Well what’s your methodology?

By | 2017-05-01T04:48:26+00:00 May 1st, 2017|Categories: Preservationist Textual Criticism, Textual Criticism|

A common question that arises from those who support the unbiblical practice of textual criticism is, “Well what methodology do you use?”  or, “Your methodology can’t produce a text!” and other such nonsensical statements.  Most of these type of comments are usually from people who get their arguments from James White.  In a previous post, Presuppositions of Textual Criticism Examined, I dealt with the presuppositions of textual criticism from a Biblical perspective.  When we accept the […]

Presuppositions of Textual Criticism Examined

By | 2017-04-25T15:03:23+00:00 April 24th, 2017|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Textual Criticism|

It’s been some time since I’ve posted due to work and building up the Miskatonic University site. But now that I have time, I’m going to focus on three of the canons of textual criticism and the assumptions one must make to affirm them. The three canons will be provided followed by a short analysis showing their inherent arbitrariness.

The shorter reading is best (Lectio brevior praeferenda).

The shorter reading (unless it lacks entirely the authority […]

Of the Divine Original – Introduction Part 4

By | 2016-11-19T04:32:55+00:00 November 19th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|


Continued from Part 3

CHAPTER 4. Innate arguments in the Scripture of its divine original and authority — Its self-evidencing efficacy — All light manifests itself — The Scripture light — Spiritual light evidential — Consectaries from the premises laid down — What the self-evidencing light of the Scripture peculiarly is — Power self-evidencing — The […]

Of the Divine Original – Introduction Part 3

By | 2016-11-19T04:29:01+00:00 November 19th, 2016|Categories: Confessional Textual View, Doctrine of Scripture, John Owen, Preservationist Textual Criticism|



THIS interesting treatise originated in the request of several persons, who had heard Owen preaching on the subject, that he would publish the substance of what he had preached. It broaches the great argument of the experimental evidence in favor of the Christian revelation, which he afterwards developed more fully in his “Reason of Faith” (see […]