Historical Resources on Textual Criticism, Bible Versions, etc.

By | 2016-11-03T19:41:42+00:00 March 2nd, 2016|Categories: Textual Criticism|0 Comments

The information in this post comes from the following Facebook note of Sean McDonald.  They will be added to The Library over the next 2 weeks along with many other books.

The following online resources tend toward the defense either of the Byzantine Text (Majority Text, Ecclesiastical Text, Traditional Text, etc.) generally, or the Received Text particularly; as well as toward the use of the Authorized Version of the Bible. The authors are not always in entire agreement with each other; so it can hardly be supposed that I would be in entire agreement with everything they say. Nevertheless, I hope that this might be helpful toward a better understanding and appreciation of their side of the debate in textual criticism.

Berriman, John (1691-1768)

Θεός ἐφανερώθη ἐν σαρκὶ. Or, a Critical Dissertation upon 1 Tim iii. 16: Wherein Rules are Laid Down to Distinguish, in Various Readings, which is Genuine; An Account is Given of Above a Hundred Greek Manuscripts of St. Paul’s Epistles; (Many of them not heretofore Collated;) The Writings of the Greek and Latin Fathers, and the Ancient Versions are Examin’d; And the Common Reading of that Text, GOD was manifest in the flesh, is Proved to be the True One. Being the Substance of Eight Sermons Preach’d at the Lady Moyer’s Lecture, in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London, in the Years 1737, and 1738 (1741)


Birks, Thomas Rawson (1810-1883)

Essay on the Right Estimation of Manuscript Evidence in the Text of the New Testament (1878) [GB, IA]

Bishop, George Sayles (1836-1914)

1. The Inspiration of the Hebrew Letters and Vowel-Points (1910) [GB, IA]

2. Sheol: The Principle and Tendency of the Revision Examined (1910) [GB, IA]

Brownlee, William Craig (1784-1860)

Letters on the Authenticity of 1 John 5:7 (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) (1827-28)

Burgess, Thomas (1756-1837)

1. An Introduction to the Controversy on the Disputed Verse of St. John, as Revived by Mr. Gibbon: To which is Added, Christian Theocracy; Or, a Second Letter to Mrs. Joanna Baillie, on the Doctrine of the Trinity (1835) [GB]

2. A Letter to the Reverend Thomas Beynon, Archdeacon of Cardigan, in Reply to a Vindication of the Literary Character of Professor Porson, by Crito Cantabrigiensis: And in Further Proof of the Authenticity of 1 John, v. 7 (1829) [GB, IA]

3. A Vindication of 1 John, v. 7 from the Objections of M. Griesbach: In which is Given a New View of the External Evidence, with Greek Authorities for the Authenticity of the Verse, not hitherto Adduced in its Defence (1821) [GB, IA]

Burgon, John William (1813-1888)

1. The Causes of the Corruption of the Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels; Being the Sequel to the Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels (1896) [GB, IA]

2. Inspiration and Interpretation: Seven Sermons Preached before the University of Oxford: With Preliminary Remarks: Being an Answer to a Volume Entitled “Essays and Reviews” (1861) [GB, IA]

3. The Last Twelve Verses of the Gospel according to S. Mark Vindicated against Recent Critical Objectors and Established (1871) [GB, IA]

4. The Revision Revised: Three Articles Reprinted from the ‘Quarterly Review’: I. The New Greek Text. II. The New English Version. III. Westcott and Hort’s New Textual Theory; To which is Added a Reply to Bishop Ellicott’s Pamphlet in Defence of the Revisers and their Greek Text of the New Testament (1883) [GB, IA]

5. The Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels Vindicated and Established (1896) [GB, IA]

Calamy, Edmund (1671-1732)

Thirteen Sermons concerning the Doctrine of the Trinity. Preach’d at the Merchant’s-Lecture, at Salter’s-Hall. Together with a Vindication of that Celebrated Text, 1 John v. 7, from being Spurious; and an Explication of it, upon the Supposition of its being Genuine: In Four Sermons, Preach’d at the Same Lecture. An. 1719, 1720 (1722) [GB, IA]

Cook, Frederick Charles (1804-1889)

The Revised Version of the First Three Gospels Considered in its Bearings upon the Record of our Lord’s Words and of Incidents in His Life (1882) [GB, IA]

Coxe, Arthur Cleveland (1818-1896)

An Apology for the Common English Bible; And a Review of the Extraordinary Changes Made in it by Managers of the American Bible Society (1857) [GB, IA]

Dabney, Robert Lewis (1820-1898)

1. The Doctrinal Various Readings of the New Testament Greek (1871) [GB, IA]

2. The Revised Version of the New Testament (1881) [GB, IA]

Falkener, Edward (1814-1896)

Does the “Revised Version” Affect the Doctrine of the New Testament as Exhibited in the Authorized Translation? With Critical Remarks on the Rendering of the Lord’s Prayer, 1 Tim. iii. 16, and Other Passages (1884) [GB]

Forshall, Josiah (1795-1863)

The First Twelve Chapters of the Gospel According to St. Matthew in the Received Greek Text; With Various Readings, and Notes Critical and Expository (1864) [GB]

Forster, Charles (1789-1871)

A New Plea for the Authenticity of the Text of the Three Heavenly Witnesses: Or Porson’s Letters to Travis Eclectically Examined and the External and Internal Evidences for 1 John v. 7 Eclectically Re-Surveyed (1867) [GB]

Gill, John (1697-1771)

A Dissertation concerning the Antiquity of the Hebrew-Language, Letters, Vowel-Points, and Accents (1767) [GB, IA]

Goulburn, Edward Meyrick (1818-1897)

John William Burgon, Late Dean of Chichester: A Biography, with Extracts from his Letters and Early Journals (1892) [Vol. 1 – GB, IA] [Vol. 2 – GB, IA]

Hales, William (1747-1831)

Faith in the Holy Trinity, the Doctrine of the Gospel, and Sabellian Unitarianism Shewn to be “The God-Denying Apostacy” . . . Second Edition, Corrected and Enlarged (1818) [Vol. 1 – GB] [Vol. 2 – GB, IA]

Henderson, Ebenezer (1784-1858)

The Great Mystery of Godliness Incontrovertible; Or, Sir Isaac Newton and the Socinians Foiled in the Attempt to Prove a Corruption in the Text, 1 Tim. iii. 16, Θεὸς ἐφανερώθη ἐν σαρκὶ. Containing a Review of the Charges Brought against the Passage; An Examination of the Various Readings; And a Confirmation of that in the Received Text on Principles of General and Biblical Criticism (1830) [GB]

Hoskier, Herman Charles (1864-1938)

1. Codex B and its Allies: A Study and an Indictment (1914) [Part 1 – IA] [Part 2 – IA]

2. A Commentary on the Various Readings in the Text of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the Chester-Beatty Papyrus P46 (circa 200 A.D.) (1938) [IA]

3. Concerning the Date of the Bohairic Version; Covering a Detailed Examination of the Text of the Apocalypse and a Review of some of the Writings of the Egyptian Monks (1911) [IA]

4. Concerning the Genesis of the Versions of the N.T.: Remarks suggested by the Study of P and the Allied Questions as regards the Gospels (1910-11) [Vol. 1 – IA] [Vol. 2 – IA]

5. Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse: Collations of All Existing Available Greek Documents with the Standard Text of Stephen’s Third Edition: Together with the Testimony of Versions, Commentaries and Fathers: A Complete Conspectus of All Authorities (1929) [2 Vols. – IA]

6. A Full Account and Collation of the Greek Cursive Codex Evangelium 604 (With Two Facsimiles) [Egerton 2610 in the British Museum]: Together with Ten Appendices (1890) [GB, IA]

Hurwitz, Hyman (1770-1844)

Vindiciae Hebraicae; or, A Defence of the Hebrew Scriptures, as a Vehicle of Revealed Religion: Occasioned by the Recent Strictures and Innovations of Mr. J. Bellamy; and in Confutation of His Attacks on All Preceding Translations, and on the Established Version in Particular (1820) [IA]

Knittel, Franz Anton (1721-1792)

New Criticisms on the Celebrated Text, 1 John v. 7. “For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one.” A Synodical Lecture . . . Translated from the Original German (1829) [GB, IA]

Malan, Solomon Caesar (1812-1894)

1. The Gospel according to S. John: tr. from the Eleven Oldest Versions except the Latin, and Compared with the English Bible; with Notes on every one of the Alterations Proposed by the Five Clergymen in their Revised Version of this Gospel, Published in 1857 (1862) [GB, IA]

2. A Plea for the Received Greek Text and for the Authorised Version of the New Testament, in Answer to Some of the Dean of Canterbury’s Criticisms on Both (1869) [GB]

3. Seven Chapters (S. Matthew 1-6; S. Luke 11) of the Revision of 1881 Revised (1881) [GB]

Martin, David (1639-1721)

1. A Critical Dissertation upon the Seventh Verse of the Fifth Chapter of St. John’s First Epistle, There are three, that bear record in heaven, &c. Wherein the Authentickness of this Text is Fully Prov’d against the Objections of Mr. Simon and the Modern Arians. Written Originally in French . . . and Now Translated into English (1719) [GB]

2. The Genuineness of the Text of the First Epistle of Saint John, Chap. v. V. 7, There are three in heaven, &c. Demonstrated by Proofs which are Beyond All Exception, Taken from the Testimonies of the Greek and Latin Churches, and Particularly from a Greek MS. of the New Testament, Found in Ireland . . . Translated from the French (1722)

Mauro, Philip (1859-1952)

Which Version? Authorized or Revised? (1924) [IA]

McClure, Alexander Wilson (1808-1865)

The Translators Revived; A Biographical Memoir of the Authors of the English Version of the Holy Bible (1853) [GB, IA]

Miller, Edward (1825-1901)

1. A Guide to the Textual Criticism of the New Testament (1886) [IA]

2. The Oxford Debate on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament: Held at New College on May 6, 1897; With a Preface Explanatory of the Rival Systems (1897) [GB, IA]

3. A Textual Commentary upon the Holy Gospels Largely from the Use of Materials, and Mainly on the Text, Left by the Late John William Burgon (1899) [IA]

Nolan, Frederick (1784-1864)

1. An Inquiry into the Integrity of the Greek Vulgate: Or, Received Text of the New Testament; In which the Greek Manuscripts are Newly Classed, the Integrity of the Authorised Text Vindicated, and the Various Readings Traced to their Origin (1815) [GB, IA]

2. Supplement to an Inquiry into the Integrity of the Greek Vulgate, or Received Text of the New Testament; Containing the Vindication of the Principles Employed in its Defence (1830) [GB]

Owen, John (1616-1683)

1. Of the Divine Original, Authority, Self-Evidencing Light, and Power of the Scriptures: With an Answer to that Inquiry, How We Know the Scriptures to Be the Word of God (1659) [GB, IA]

2. Of the Integrity and Purity of the Hebrew and Greek Text of the Scripture; With Considerations on the Prolegomena and Appendix to the Late “Biblia Polyglotta” (1659) [GB, IA]

The Reformed Presbyterian and Covenanter, Volume 20 (1882)

1. The Genuineness of I. John 5:7-8 Not Disproved [GB]

2. The New Version [GB]

3. The Revisers on I. Tim. 3:16 [GB]

Rosenau, William (1865-1943)

Hebraisms in the Authorized Version of the Bible (1902) [GB, IA]

Salmon, George (1819-1904)

Some Thoughts on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament (1897) [GB, IA]

Samson, George Whitefield (1819-1896)

The English Revisers’ Greek Text Shown to be Unauthorized except by Egyptian Copies Discarded by Greeks and to be Opposed to the Historic Text of All Ages and Churches (1882) [GB, IA]

Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose (1813-1891)

1. Adversaria Critica Sacra: With a Short Explanatory Introduction (1893) [IA]

2. The Authorized Edition of the English Bible (1611): Its Subsequent Reprints and Modern Representatives (1884) [GB, IA]

3. Bezae Codex Cantabrigiensis, Being an Exact Copy, in Ordinary Type, of the Celebrated Uncial Graeco-Latin Manuscript of the Four Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, Written Early in the Sixth Century, and Presented to the University of Cambridge by Theodore Beza, A.D. 1581: Edited with a Critical Introduction, Annotations, and Facsimiles (1864) [GB]

4. Contributions to the Criticism of the Greek New Testament: Being the Introduction to an Edition of the Codex Augiensis and Fifty other Manuscripts (1859) [GB, IA]

5. A Full Collation of Codex Sinaiticus with the Received Text of the New Testament: To which is Prefixed a Critical Introduction (1864) [GB]

6. A Full and Exact Collation of about Twenty Greek Manuscripts of the Holy Gospels, (Hitherto Unexamined), Deposited in the British Museum, the Archiepiscopal Library at Lambeth, &c.: With a Critical Introduction (1853) [GB, IA]

7. The New Testament in the Original Greek according to the Text Followed in the Authorised Version: Together with the Variations Adopted in the Revised Version (1894) [IA]

8. The Parallel New Testament Greek and English: The New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, being the Authorized Version set forth in 1611, Arranged in Parallel Columns with the Revised Version of 1881 and with the Original Greek according to the Text followed in the Authorised Version, with the Variations Adopted in the Revised Version [IA]

9. A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament for the Use of Biblical Students . . . Fourth Edition, Edited by the Rev. Edward Miller (1894) [IA]

10. Six Lectures on the Text of the New Testament and the Ancient Manuscripts which Contain it, Chiefly Addressed to Those who do not Read Greek (1875) [GB, IA]

11. A Supplement to the Authorised English Version of the New Testament: Being a Critical Illustration of its More Difficult Passages from the Syriac, Latin and Earlier English Versions with an Introduction (1845) [GB, IA]

Todd, Henry John (1763-1845)

An Authentic Account of our Authorized Translation of the Holy Bible, and of the Translators: With Testimonies to the Excellence of the Translation . . . Third Edition (1838) [GB]

Tomlin, Jacob (1793-1880)

Critical Remarks on Dr. Tregelles’ Greek Text of the Revelation, and his Two English Versions, Compared with the Received Text and Authorised Translation, Showing the Great Superiority of the Latter, by a Close and Candid Examination of his Various Readings, Tested by the Context, Parallel Places, and General Analogy of Scripture (1865) [GB]

Travis, George (1740-1797)

Letters to Edward Gibbon, Esq. Author of the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire . . . The Third Edition, Corrected, and Considerably Enlarged (1794) [GB]

Whitfield, Peter (fl. 1748-1757)

A Dissertation on the Hebrew Vowel-Points: Shewing that they are an Original and Essential Part of the Language (1748) [GB]

Whitney, Simon Woodbridge (1817-1894)

The Revisers’ Greek Text: A Critical Examination of Certain Readings, Textual and Marginal, in the Original Greek of the New Testament Adopted by the Late Anglo-American Revisers (1892) [Vol. 1 – IA] [Vol. 2 – GB, IA]

Whittaker, John William (1790?-1854)

An Historical and Critical Enquiry into the Interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures, with Remarks on Mr. Bellamy’s New Translation (1819) [IA]

Witsius, Herman (1636-1708)

On the Conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer (1839) [IA]

About the Author:

I hold to the historic Confessional view of Scripture as found in Chapter 1 of the WCF/2LBCF. I reject Restorationist Textual Criticism and affirm Preservationist Textual Criticism

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